Managing COVID-19 Infection in Regions
Friday, 19/06/2020YogyakartaEdy Purwanto, S.P, M.Sc.
Until early June 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic entered its fourth month since the first case was announced on March 2, 2020 by President Jokowi. Various central and regional government policies have been implemented. However, until now the government has not given an official statement, when this pandemic is over. Until finally, making peace with the corona virus is an alternative solution so that the spread of Covid-19 can be inhibited and economic activities can take place.
At present, it is not too late to look at the various policies that have been implemented in each region, see the strengths and weaknesses and take lessons to continue handling pandemic cases that still continue in some areas to prepare for the second wave.
DKI Jakarta, as the initial development area of Covid-19, quickly implemented the PSBB policy since the PSBB rules were issued by the central government. DKI Jakarta applies PSBB up to 3 stages starting from April 10 to June 4 2020. From the beginning of the first PSBB to the end of the 3rd PSBB the average daily growth percentage has decreased from 5.1% then 2.1% and finally 1.6% in 3rd PSBB. With this result, the DKI Jakarta government finally adopted a transition period PSBB starting June 5, 2020. This period was used as a transition to new normal.
West Java has also implemented PSBB stages 1 to 3 in several regions such as Depok, Bogor, Bekasi and Bandung Raya. The implementation of the West Java PSBB succeeded in reducing the average daily growth rate of Covid-19 positive cases from 4%, 3.2% at PSBB 2 and 2.6% at the end of PSBB 3. At the end of PSBB 3, West Java also did not extend the PSBB and handling then handed over to their respective regions.
Meanwhile, the handling of Covid-19 in Central Java relied on community participation with village-based social restrictions and no regional PSBB. With mutual awareness, the community closes and guards in their respective regions. In fact, several Regencies / Cities provide facilities for isolation for migrants. With this policy Central Java succeeded in suppressing the average daily growth of Covid-19 from 7.5% in April, 2.9% in early May and decreased to 1.1% by the end of May 2020.
In contrast to DKI Jakarta and West Java which immediately implemented PSBB in early April, East Java implemented PSBB from 28 April to 9 June 2020. East Java PSBB was implemented in several areas including Surabaya City, Gresik Regency, and Sidoarjo Regency. This PSBB follows the Malang Raya PSBB which was implemented earlier on May 17-30, 2020. During the implementation of the PSBB in East Java, the average daily development of Covid-19 was still relatively high at 4.9% in stage I, 6.9% in stage II and 4.2% in stage III.
Although Bali does not implement PSBB, it consistently implements a policy of maintaining distance, working, studying and worshiping at home. The governor implements various policies both for patients and medical staff. In addition, officers make early detection of sufferers quickly. The Mutual Assistance Task Force in the Desa Adat plays a role in the process of self-isolation. With the policy implemented, Bali managed to suppress the rate of development of Covid-19 and increase the percentage of recovery. The average case growth per day was 8% in April, 2.6% at the beginning of May and decreased to 2% at the end of May 2020.
DI Yogyakarta also did not implement the PSBB in suppressing the rate of Covid-19 infection cases. Travelers from the red zone must report to the village government and carry out isolation for 14 days. Community participation in monitoring isolation and maintaining community compliance in their respective environments is very large. This policy succeeded in suppressing the rate of Covid-19 infection. The average percentage of case growth per day in DIY is 4.6% in April, 4.3% in early May and decreased to 1.3% at the end of May 2020.
It appears that the adoption of the PSBB shows significant success. This of course must be followed by clear law enforcement. In addition, high participation from the community showed higher results in suppressing the spread of Covid-19. The results above can be a lesson for regions that still need to implement PSBB at a later stage as well as other efforts to stop the Covid-19 infection rate in coming months.
The article was first published in the rubric "INSPIRATION FOR POLICY" SKH Kedaulatan Rakyat, Friday 19 June 2020 Edition.